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ONTARE. REVISTA DE INVESTIGACIÓN DE LA FACULTAD DE INGENIERÍA
This Cluster has been well received as one of the most effective solutions to enhance energy efficiency and scalability of large-scale wireless sensor networks. However, it is rather challenging to conforma cohesive group of Clusters having permanent communication among Cluster heads. In this paper, a unique look at the Cluster head election problem is taken into account, specifically concentrating on applications in which the formation and maintenance of a virtual backbone among Cluster heads is the main requirement. Our approach for Cluster-based network organization is based on the use of collective social agents in order to lead the formation of these Clusters. Our algorithm uses ants to choose good Cluster head candidates and to create a virtual backbone among these router nodes.