Factores involucrados en el valle de la muerte de la I+D+i: aproximación de casos polares

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Elizabeth Jiménez-Medina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5887-0872
René Yepes-Callejas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2398-0852
Iván Darío Rojas-Arenas https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9300-3176
Juan Fernando Arenas-Betancur https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6869-5502
Jim Giraldo-Builes https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8599-8487

Resumen

Como «valle de la muerte» (VM) se denomina a una brecha que dificulta la finalización exitosa de proyectos de investigación, desarrollo e innovación (I+D+i), impidiendo su entrada en fases de desarrollo de nuevos productos, puesta en operación y comercialización. Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar los factores que inciden en el VM en un grupo de proyectos de I+D+i, de diversas instituciones de educación superior ubicadas en el Valle de Aburrá, Colombia. Dada la complejidad que implica el estudio del VM en el ámbito de los proyectos de I+D+i, se realizó un estudio de casos polares, pues este proporciona información acerca del VM en proyectos específicos, para luego plantear recomendaciones al fenómeno en general. El análisis se realizó desde un enfoque cualitativo, de carácter inductivo y fenomenológico, en el que se estudiaron seis factores involucrados en la formación del VM: equipo humano, competencias y roles, conocimiento de las dimensiones, trabajo en red, financiación y percepción del riesgo, instituciones y modelos mentales. Se evidenció que en los proyectos que aún no han superado el VM se encuentran dificultades institucionales —reglas de juego — y de modelos mentales —representaciones de lo que se debe hacer—, así como debilidad en la construcción de redes de trabajo. En los proyectos que sí superaron el VM predominan como resueltos los factores relacionados con formación de capacidades del talento humano, alianzas y conocimiento de las dimensiones.

Palabras clave:

Detalles del artículo

Referencias

Abereijo, I. O. (2015). Transversing the «valley of death». African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 6(1), 90-106. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/AJEMS-10-2012-0066

Alunni, A. (2020). La importancia de la inversión de riesgo corporativo para superar el valle de la muerte en la transferencia tecnológica universitaria. Revista de Fomento Social, 75(1), 145- 164. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32418/rfs.2020.296.3311

Auerswald, P.E.; Branscomb, L. M. (2003). Valleys of death and Darwinian seas: financing theinvention to innovation transition in the United States. Journal of Technology Transfer, 28, 227-239. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024980525678

Barr, S.; Baker, T.; Markham, S.; Kingon, A. (2009). Bridging the valley of death: lessons learned from 14 years of commercialization of technology education. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 8(3), 370-388. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5465/amle.8.3.zqr370

Barron, E.; Amoros, J. E. (2020). Bridging the valley of death: lessons from an entrepreneurial program. International Journal of Entrepreneurship, 24(1). Recuperado de https://bit.ly/3jnbAUz

Beard, T. R.; Ford, G. S.; Koutsky, T. M.; Spiwak, L. J. (2009). A Valley of Death in the innovation sequence: an economic investigation. Research Evaluation, 18(5), 343-356. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3152/095820209X481057

Belz, A.; Terrile, R. J.; Zapatero, F.; Kawas, M.; Giga, A. (2019). Mapping the Valley of Death: managing selection and technology advancement in NASA´s small business innovation research program. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 1-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEM.2019.2904441

Bonnin-Roca, J.; O’Sullivan, E. (2020). The role of regulators in mitigating uncertainty within the valley of death. Technovation, 102157. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2020.102157

Colombo, M.; Piva, E. (2008). Strengths and weaknesses of academic startups: a conceptual model. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 55(1), 37-49. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEM.2007.912807

Daldrup, V.; Krahl, O.; Bürger, R. (2020). Is crowdfunding suitable for financing German Public Research Organization (PRO) Projects? En A. Moritz; J. H. Block; S. Golla; A. Werner (Eds.) Contemporary Developments in Entrepreneurial Finance. (309-338). Cham: Springer. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-17612-9_12

Dean, T.; Zhang, H.; Xiao, Y. (2020). The role of complexity in the Valley of Death and radical innovation performance. Technovation, 102160. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2020.102160

Eisenhardt, K. (1989). Building theories from case study research. The Academy of Management Review, 14(4), 532-550. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1989.4308385

Ellwood, P.; Williams, C.; Egan, J. (2020). Crossing the valley of death: five underlying innovation processes. Technovation, 102162. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2020.102162

Fernández S. G.; Kubus R.; Pérez-Iñigo J. M. (2019). Innovation ecosystems in the EU: policy evolution and horizon Europe proposal case study (the actors' perspective). Sustainability, 11, 4735. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174735

Frank, C.; Sink, C.; Mynatt, L.; Rogers, R.; Rappazzo, A. (1996). Surviving the «valley of death»: a comparative analysis. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 21, 61-69. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02220308

Gubitta, P.; Tognazzo, A.; Destro, F. (2015). Signaling in academic ventures: the role of technology transfer offices and university funds. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 41(2), 368-393. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-015-9398-7

Gulbrandsen, K. (2009). Bridging the valley of death: the rhetoric of technology transfer (tesis de doctorado). Iowa State University. Ames, EE.UU. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810- 527

Gulbranson, C. A.; Audretsch, D. B. (2008). Proof of concept centers: accelerating the commercialization of university innovation. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 33(3), 249- 258. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-008-9086-y

Hadjimanolis, A. (2003). The barriers approach to innovation. En L. V. Shavinina (Ed.) The International Handbook on Innovation. (559-573). Amsterdam: Pergamon. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008044198-6/50038-3

Harmancioglu, N.; McNally, R. C.; Calantone, R. J.; Durmusoglu, S. S. (2007). Your new product development (NPD) is only as good as your process: an exploratory analysis of new NPD process design and implementation. Journal R&D Management, 37(5), 399-424. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9310.2007.00486.x

Hernández, F.; Salgado, S. (2011). El racionalismo de Descartes. La preocupación por el método. Duererias, Cuadernos de Filosofía. Recuperado de https://bit.ly/2TUNjg1

Jiménez, E. (2017). Factores que inciden en el Valle de la Muerte en proyectos de I+D+i en Medellín y su Área Metropolitana (tesis de maestría). Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Medellín, Colombia.

Johnson-Laird, P. (2013). Mental models and cognitive change. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 25(2), 131-138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2012.759935

Jucevicius, G.; Juceviciene, R.; Gaidelys, V.; Kalman, A. (2016). The emerging innovation ecosystems and «Valley of Death»: towards the combination of entrepreneurial and institutional approaches. Inzinerine Ekonomika-Engineering Economics, 27(4), 430-438. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5755/j01.ee.27.4.14403

Kim, D. (1998). The link between individual and organizational learning. en the strategic management of intellectual capital. En D. Klein (Ed.) The Strategic Management of Intellectual Capital. (41- 62). Boston: Butterworth-HeinemannDOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-7506-9850-4.50006-3

Lettner, M.; Hesser, F.; Hedeler, B.; Schwarzbauer, P.; Stern, T. (2020). Barriers and incentives for the use of lignin-based resins: results of a comparative importance performance analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, 256, 120520. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120520

Liening A.; Geiger J. M.; Kriedel, R. (2018). Bridging the gap between invention and innovation: the role of university-based start-up programs and private cooperation. En A. Presse; O. Terzidis (Eds.) Technology entrepreneurship. (241-260). Cham: Springer. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73509-2_13

Markham, S. K. (2002). Moving technologies from lab to market. Research Technology Management, 45(6), 31-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08956308.2002.11671531

Markham, S. K.; Mugge, P. (2015). Traversing the Valley of Death. A practical guide for innovation leaders. Innovation Press

Markham, S. K.; Ward, S.J.; Aiman-Smith, L.; Kingon, A. (2010). The valley of death as context for role theory in product innovation. Journal Product Innovation Management, 27(3), 402-417. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5885.2010.00724.x

Meyer, A. D.; Aten, K.; Krause, A. J.; Metzger, M. L.; Holloway, S. S. (2011). Creating a university technology commercialisation programme: confronting conflicts between learning, discovery and commercialisation goals. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 13(2), 179. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1504/IJEIM.2011.038858

Morales-Alonso, G; Vila, GA; Lemus-Aguilar, I; Hidalgo, A. (2019). Data retrieval from online social media networks for defining business angels' profile. Journal of Enterprising CommunitiesPeoplea Places in the Global Economy, 14(1), 57-75. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/JEC-10- 2019-0095

Munari, F.; Sobrero, M.; Toschi, L. (2018). The university as a venture capitalist? Gap funding instruments for technology transfer. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 127, 70-84. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2017.07.024

Negro, S. O.; Alkemade, F.; Hekkert, M.P. (2012). Why does renewable energy diffuse so slowly? A review of innovation system problems. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(6), 3836-3846. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.03.043

Nemet, G. F.; Zipperer, V.; Kraus, M. (2018). The valley of death, the technology pork barrel, and public support for large demonstration projects. Energy Policy, 119, 154-167. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2018.04.008

North, D. C. (1991). Institutions. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 5(1), 97-112. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.5.1.97

Pettigrew, A. (1990). Longitudinal field research on change: theory and practice. Organization Science, 1(3), 267-292. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.1.3.267

Ponce, A. (2018). El estudio de caso múltiple. Una estrategia de Investigación en el ámbito de la administración. Revista Publicando, 15(2), 21-34. Recuperado de https://bit.ly/37hiW6B

Raven, R.; Geels, F. (2010). Socio-cognitive evolution in niche development: comparative analysis of biogas development in Denmark and the Netherlands. Technovation, 30(2), 87-99. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2009.08.006

Rojas-Arenas, I. (2018). Del desarrollo económico al desarrollo económico endógeno: una mirada desde el pensamiento complejo. Revista Cintex, 23(1), 12-23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33131/24222208.308

Sandberg, B.; Aarikka-Stenroos, L. (2014). What makes it so difficult? A systematic review on barriers to radical innovation. Industrial Marketing Management, 43(8), 1293-1305. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2014.08.003

Savaneviciene, A.; Venckuviene, V.; Girdauskiene, L. (2015). Venture capital a catalyst for start-ups to overcome the «valley of death»: Lithuanian case. Procedia Economics and Finance, 26, 1052-1059. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00929-6

Schoonmaker, M.; Carayannis, E.; Rau, P. (2013). The role of marketing activities in the fuzzy front end of innovation: a study of the biotech industry. Journal of Technology Transfer, 38(6), 850-872. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-012-9296-1

Senge, P. (2006). The fifth discipline. The art & science of the learning organization. Londres: Currency Doubleday.

Sierra, V. (2020). Reconocimiento de factores incidentes en el fenómeno del valle de la muerte y su relación con riesgos percibidos en el proceso de I+D+i(tesis de maestría). Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Medellín, Colombia. Recuperado de https://bit.ly/2VqVEZc

Son, H.; Chung, Y., Yoon, S. (2020). How can university technology holding companies bridge the Valley of Death? Evidence from Korea. Technovation. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2020.102158

Stefanelli, V.; Boscia, V.; Toma, P. (2020). Does knowledge translation drive spin-offs away from the «valley of death»? A nonparametric analysis to support a banking perspective. Management Decision, 58(9), 1985-2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-11-2019-1579

Storey, J. (2000). The management of innovation problem. International Journal of Innovation Management, 4(03), 347-369. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1142/S1363919600000196

Surroca, J.; Prior, D.; Tribó-Giné, J. A. (2016). Using panel data dea to measure CEOs’ focus of attention: an application to the study of cognitive group membership and performance. Strategic Management Journal, 37(2), 37-388. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.2350

Tassey, G. (2014). Competing in advanced manufacturing: the need for improved growth models and policies. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 28(1), 27-48. Recuperado de https://bit.ly/3imqlHP

Teece D.; Pisano G.; Shuen, A. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management. Journal, 18(7), 509-533. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097- 0266(199708)18:7%3C509::AID-SMJ882%3E3.0.CO;2-Z

Upadhyayula, V. K. K.; Gadhamshetty, V.; Shanmugam, K.; Souihi, N.; Tysklind, M. (2018). Advancing game changing academic research concepts to commercialization: a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) based sustainability framework for making informed decisions in Technology Valley of Death (TVD). Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 133, 404-416. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.12.029

Van Lancker, J.; Mondelaers, K.; Wauters, E.; Van Huylenbroeck, G. (2016). The organizational innovation system: a systemic framework for radical innovation at the organizational level. Technovation, 52-53, 40-50. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2015.11.008

Vásquez, A.; Meloño, P.; Leopold, L.; Zanelli, J. C. (2008). Innovación: prácticas de gestión, representaciones y modelos mentales en dirigentes del sector de las tecnologías de la información en Uruguay. Revista Psicologia Organizações e Trabalho, 8(2), 5-27. Recuperado de https://bit.ly/2WMlck2

Verhoeff, A.; Menzel, H. (2011). Social capital to bridge the valley of death, simulating critical incidents in innovation. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 14(1), 149. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1504/IJESB.2011.042167

Weiss, C.; Bonvillian, W. (2013). Legacy sectors: barriers to global innovation in agriculture and energy. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 25(10), 1189-1208. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09537325.2013.843658

Wessner, C. (2005). Driving innovations across the valley of death. Research Technology Management, 48(1), 9-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08956308.2005.11657289

Citado por

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.